How does diabetes affect you actually?

How does diabetes affect you? This is usually a question that people with diabetes frequently ask and is an extreme subject of dilemma for diabetics. This is amongst the questions that a diabetic has to be knowledgeable on after first becoming newly diagnosed.

Diabetics have the most problems with their feet. This is caused by nerve damage in the feet and the thinning of blood vessels within the legs. These two difficulties can cause a small cut to be extremely infected and lead to gangrene of the foot. Gangrene can lead to amputation of the foot or leg.

If a patient has nerve damage within a foot, they can not be able to tell if they have a small cut or skin damage and an infection could start before it is even noticed. And with very poor circulation, when there is a cut or any damage, there’s not enough blood flowing towards the foot to combat the infection.

If a diabetic have toes or feet that are blue or pale – these are typically symptoms of poor circulation. And in case a diabetic can feel numbness or tingling in their toes or feet, this is usually a symptom of nerve damage. If a diabetic has any one of these symptoms they need to talk with their physician right away.

Protection against foot problems is mastering appropriate foot self care consists of frequently washing and inspecting feet. Carefully scrutinize feet for small cuts, breaks in the skin, blisters, corns or calluses. Corns or calluses ought to be treated by a physician or perhaps nursing staff. Small cuts ought to be treated with antibiotic ointments.

Another area of dilemma for diabetes are teeth and gums. Due to the difficulties with blood sugar, diabetics have a very high volume of dental hygiene problems. This is because the diabetes when not under control cuts down on the number of white blood cells to combat bacterial infections inside the mouth.

There are lots of areas that induce problems. One of these is the issue of dry mouth due to decreased saliva. This can cause oral cavaties, mouth ulcers as well as infections. Help for this predicament can include chewing sugarless gum, having sugarless mints readily available, frequent sips of water or perhaps melting ice chips in the mouth.

Another significant problem is gum disease typically referred to as gingivitis and periodontitis. This is caused by fewer white blood cells to fight infections plus the thickening of blood vessels which slows down the flow of blood which delivers nutrients to the mouth area and waste away from the mouth area. Gum disease is brought on by bacterial infections of the gums so these could trigger gum disease to become much more severe and harder to control in individuals who suffer from diabetes. Self care consists of brushing at least twice daily as well as flossing daily.

Eye problems are another area of dilemma for diabetics. Diabetic retinopathy can manifest which can result in bad vision and even blindness. This is really because the blood vessels behind the eyes get weakened and can bring about blood and fluid leaking into the retina from these weakened blood vessels. So, it is important for the diabetic to have frequent eye exams to get the blood vessels in the eye examined.

How does diabetes affect you and how can these issues be avoided? The most effective way of prevention is daily monitoring of blood glucose levels and dealing with this level and also daily oral, foot and eye care.