Existing stem cell research and diabetes

Stem cell research and diabetes cure is surely an ongoing project and it is displaying great promise.

Stem cell research and diabetes cure is definitely an ongoing project which is displaying excellent promise. The University of Pennsylvania currently is conducting clinical studies for a new surgery known as Islet Cell Transplantation.

The new procedure consists of transplanting islet cells from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are definitely the cells from the pancreas that produce insulin. The procedure is for Type 1 diabetics whose Beta islet cells are already destroyed and so no insulin is manufactured. These http://mecholesterol.com patients must be on insulin therapy for the remainder of their lives. Since the cells are transplanted in the liver, the body right after the first transplant can give warning signs when the blood sugar levels are too low. Many Type 1 diabetics don’t have any warning and often just black out that may be dangerous when driving or performing other crucial tasks.

Islet cell transplantation cannot treat many instances of Type 2 diabetes but is a probable cure for the over 700,000 folks in the United States who have Type 1 diabetes. But, currently there aren’t sufficient donors to go around with just around 3,500 donor organs available during the past year. Most patients presently need 2 transplantations to get entirely off insulin therapy.

The answer to this issue is to make islets inside the lab utilizing stems cells. There is currently research going on using questionable embryonic stem cells and also stem cells extracted from adults. But because of the ethical and political debate concerning stem cells this pathway towards a cure is moving slowly. People who feel that life starts at conception strongly fight embryonic stem cell research since the cells are derived from human embryos which are destroyed during this process. Embryonic stem cells have not become full grown into human cells and also have the greatest potential to turn into any type of cells inside the body, including hair, skin, blood, toenail and so forth.

Opponents to this research feel that adult stem cells taken from adult bone marrow is the solution to this challenge. But there are studies which raise questions regarding the ability of these cells as therapies.

A recent published study revealed that an intestinal hormone brought on stem cells taken from a pancreas to become islet cells that secrete insulin – these are called beta cells, but there’s debate over this research and it has not been able to become reproduced.

Even though the research making use of stem cells is in its infant stages a lot of scientists believe that this research holds the most promise for fulfillment for diabetics in order to stop taking insulin injection after their bodies start generating the hormone naturally.

Stem cell research and diabetes cure is surely an ongoing project and is displaying great promise in the fight to find a remedy for this long-term disease.