How stem cells treat diabetes information

How stem cells treat diabetes is definitely an ever continuing subject for scientific research and exhibits great promise.

How stem cells treat diabetes is an ever ongoing subject matter for medical research and shows great promise. The University of Pennsylvania is presently doing clinical trials for a new surgery called Islet Cell Transplantation.

The modern procedure requires transplanting islet cells coming from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are definitely the cells from the pancreas that exude insulin. The process is for Type 1 diabetics in whose Beta islet cells have been destroyed and so no insulin is manufactured. These patients have to be on insulin therapy throughout their lives. Considering that the cells are transplanted in the liver, the body after the first transplant will give signs once the blood sugar is too low. Many Type 1 diabetics haven’t any warning and frequently just blackout which is often harmful when traveling or carrying out other crucial tasks type 2 diabetes.

Islet cell transplantation cannot treat many cases of Type 2 diabetes but is a possible remedy for the over 700,000 people in the United States that have Type 1 diabetes. But, presently there aren’t plenty of donors to go around with only around 3,500 donor organs available a year ago. Most patients at present need 2 transplantations to get totally off insulin therapy.

The solution to this problem is to create islets in the lab making use of stems cells. There is currently research taking place using dubious embryonic stem cells as well as stem cells extracted from adults. But due to the ethical and also political debate concerning stem cells this route to a cure is heading slowly. People who believe life starts at conception highly oppose embryonic stem cell research because the cells originate from human embryos which are destroyed in the act. Embryonic stem cells have not matured into human cells and also have the greatest possibility to become any sort of cells in the human body, including hair, skin, blood, toenail etc.

Competitors to this research believe that adult stem cells extracted from adult bone marrow is the answer to this matter. But there are studies which raise queries about the ability of these cells as remedies.

An up to date published study noted that an intestinal hormone brought on stem cells extracted from a pancreas to turn into islet cells that secrete insulin – these are called beta cells, but there’s debate over these studies and it has not been able to be duplicated.

Although the research making use of stem cells is in its baby stages many scientists think that this investigation holds the most promise for fulfillment for diabetics as a way to quit taking insulin injection after their bodies start generating the hormone naturally .

How stem cells treat diabetes is undoubtedly an ever continuing topic for medical research and shows great promise in the fight to find a remedy for this serious disease.